The DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) includes a list of feedstock technologies activities that help to improve the efficiency and reliability of feedstocks to be converted into biofuels, bioproducts, and bioenergy.[1]

  • Resource mobilization
  • Supply chain analysis
  • Harvest and collection
  • Storage
  • Transport and handling
  • Preprocessing and quality improvement
  • Supply system integration[2]

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory lists the bioenergy technologies as biofuels, biopower, and bioproducts.

  • Biofuels are transportation fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, created by converting biomass into liquid fuels
  • Biopower involves converting renewable biomass fuels into heat and electricity using either burning, bacterial decay, or conversion to gas/liquid fuel
  • Bioproducts involve converting biomass into chemicals for making plastics and other products typically made from petroleum[3]

The Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) feedstock-conversion interface research and development (R&D) activities are coordinated through the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium (FCIC). The FCIC focuses on identifying feedstock quality and operational factors for developing technologies and strategies to:

  • manage variability in feedstock materials
  • model behavior and performance of selected feedstocks in gravity flow and conveyance operations
  • develop and implement mitigation strategies into the processes of feedstock supply, preprocessing, and conversion
  • analyze system-wide throughput to benchmark integrated system reliability, process economics, and environmental impacts
  • Control and optimize processes with in-line sensors and feedback control logic[4]

BETO’s Feedstock Technologies supply and logistics R&D develops technologies to expand the preprocessing of feedstock streams. The image below is courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory.

Source: Idaho National Laboratory, Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium, Department of Energy[5]

 Updated by Erin Bennett, January 2024