Key highlights from NASA’s FY 2019 budget include:
- “Provides $19.9B, including $10.5B to lead an innovative and sustainable campaign of exploration and lead the return of humans to the Moon for long-term exploration and utilization followed by human missions to Mars and other destinations.
- Refocuses existing NASA activities towards exploration, by redirecting funding to innovative new programs and providing additional funding to support new public-private initiatives.
- Conducts uncrewed SLS/Orion first flight in 2020, leading to Americans around the Moon in 2023. This will be the first human mission to the moon since Apollo 17 in 1972, and will establish U.S. leadership in cislunar space.
- Serves as a catalyst for growth of a vibrant American commercial space industry expanding commercial partnerships to strengthen U.S. leadership in space.
- Achieves early Human Exploration milestone by establishing a Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway in cislunar space; launching a power and propulsion space tug in 2022.
- Develops a series of progressively more capable robotic lunar missions to the surface of the moon using innovative acquisition approaches while meeting national exploration and scientific objectives.
- Begins transition to commercialization of low Earth orbit and ends direct federal government support of the International Space Station in 2025.
- Begins a new $150M program to encourage development of new commercial Low Earth orbital platforms and capabilities for use by the private sector and NASA.
- Continues robotic exploration of the Solar System including funding for the next Mars rover launch in 2020, funding to explore possibilities of returning geological samples from Mars and a Europa Clipper mission to fly repeatedly by Jupiter’s icy ocean moon Europa.
- Enables our wide-ranging science work on many fronts, which continues to lead the world in its size, scope, and scientific output.
- Supports a focused Earth science program; no funding for missions proposed for termination in FY18 budget (PACE, OCO-3, CLARREO Pathfinder, DSCOVR, and RBI).
- Continues exploring the universe with launch of James Webb Space Telescope.
- Cancels WFIRST due to its significant cost and higher priorities within NASA. Increases funding for competed astrophysics missions and research.
- Focuses and integrates space technology investments to enable new robotic and human exploration capabilities and missions and contribute to economic development and growth by enabling innovative systems and services supporting the emerging space economy.
- Fully funds a supersonic X-plane and increases hypersonics research funding. Maintains robust investment in air traffic management improvements that will safely increase air traffic capacity, reduce flight delays, and enable safe, robust UAS integration.
- Redirects Office of Education funding to new initiatives supporting NASA’s core mission of exploration.
- Strengthens cybersecurity capabilities, safeguarding critical systems and data, and continues to support improved overall management of IT.” 
Updated September 2018 by Rachel Werth